THEME

World Toilet Day 2018 is about toilets and nature

We must build toilets and sanitation systems that work in harmony with our environment. When nature calls, we have to listen and act.

Nature-based solutions (NBS) to the sanitation and water crisis harness the power of ecosystems:

  • Composting latrines that capture and treat human waste on site, producing a free supply of fertiliser to help grow crops.
  • Human-made wetlands and reed-beds filter waste water before it is released back into water courses.

Background

 

The world is not on track to reach Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6: to ensure availability and sustainable management of sanitation and water for all by 2030.[1]

Today, 4.5 billion people live without safely managed sanitation and 892 million people still practise open defecation.[2]

The impact of exposure to human faeces on this scale has a devastating impact upon public health, living conditions, nutrition, education and economic productivity across the world.

SDG 6 aims to ensure that everyone has a safe toilet and that no-one practises open defecation by 2030. Failure to achieve this goal risks the entire Agenda for Sustainable Development.

[1] United Nations (2018): Sustainable Development Goal 6 Synthesis Report 2018 on Water and Sanitation: http://www.unwater.org/un-reports-that-world-is-off-track-on-water-and-sanitation-goal/
[2] WHO/UNICEF (2017): http://www.who.int/en/news-room/detail/12-07-2017-2-1-billion-people-lack-safe-drinking-water-at-home-more-than-twice-as-many-lack-safe-sanitation
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